ATmega328 Xplained mini初上手(一)

作者: mikeliujia
上传时间为: 2014-11-07 09:22 AM
2014-11-07
阅读:

感谢爱板网提供一款基于AVR微控制器的Atmel Xplained系列的mini评估板——ATmega328P-XMINI,确实很迷你——尺寸75mm*60mm。

一、测试准备:1、Atmel studio IDE软件;2、mini-USB线缆;3、Atmel Mega328 Xplained mini Demo板

二、测试步骤

1、从ATMEL官网上把Atmel Studio6.2下载下来,注意下载10月份最新更新的版本,否则会出现各种意想不到的BUG,比如IDE总是莫名其妙的弹出去。将安装文件下载到本地进行安装,安装基本上是分为4个步骤:.NET framework 4.0、VS2010、ATMEL的usb驱动和IDE软件。整个过程只需一路NEXT就行,安装前先关掉类似360安全卫士的软件,否则安装过程中总是弹出各种拦截对话框。

2、安装完成后,打开Atmel studio IDE软件,用mini-USB线缆插上ATmega328P-XMINI,另一端插上电脑的USB接口,电脑会自动识别EDBG接口。EDBG是Atmel特有的板载调试器,不仅省去了外部调试工具,而且生成虚拟串口可以用于与主机通信。

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注意:通过mini-USB线连接电脑的USB接口和ATmega328P-XMINI时,可能会出现mEDBG无法识别的现象。原因可能涉及以下几种:

  • 1、操作系统原因——精简版的GOST系统(尤其是XP的系统),缺少必要的usbser.sys文件;解决办法:从网上下下来解压后将usbser.sys复制到c:\windows\system32\drivers;有些系统可能缺少大量的*.dll文件,建议直接重装系统。(笔者直接重装了!)
  • 2、USB接口原因——某些台式机USB接口年久出现故障,无法识别mEDBG,可多换几个USB接口试试(笔者换了3个才成功!说多了都是泪。。。)
  • 3、手贱upgrade原因——有的人一打开Atmel studio IDE就有提示要升级,手贱点了升级,半天没反应,强行中止了,直接导致板子无法识别。这个时候,打开Atmel studio IDE,选择tools→command prompt,输入指令atfw –t edbg –a “D:\Program Files\Atmel\Atmel Studio 6.2\tools\EDBG\edbg_fw.zip”

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3、上电的同时Atmel studio IDE很快会识别出这块ATmega328P-XMINI,并且会展现出ATmega328P-XMINI评估板的相关信息和帮助文件。

4、Demo程序

ATmega328P-XMINI评估板预置了Demo程序,这个程序很有意思,并不是简单的按键点亮LED功能。而是一个morse编解码的程序,可以通过串口程序窗口互动。程序在初始化时会发送ATMEL五个字符的morse码。

该Demo能把串口输入的字符解码为morse编码来驱动LED亮和灭,同时我们按下评估板的按键动作也可以解码为字符在串口程序显示。这样可以将ATmega328P-XMINI评估板当作一款小型的morse码发报机来用!

但是一次不能发送过多字符,否则解码过慢显示不全,比如输入eeboard,结果只显示了EEBD

下面是通过按键发送morse码,程序会解码为字符在串口程序显示,同时LED灯会根据morse码的点横会短亮或长亮。

附上morse源码程序,这个是历经千辛万苦”翻到的“,具体过程就不详述了。。。

/**
 * \file remorse.c
 *
 * \brief Morse Code Encoder/Decorder board support package
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2011 - 2014 Atmel Corporation. All rights reserved.
 *
 * \asf_license_start
 *
 * \page License
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
 *    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
 *    and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * 3. The name of Atmel may not be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *    from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * 4. This software may only be redistributed and used in connection with an
 *    Atmel microcontroller product.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ATMEL "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE
 * EXPRESSLY AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL ATMEL BE LIABLE FOR
 * ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN
 * ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
 * POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * \asf_license_stop
 *
 * This version of Remorse is a polling implemenation, and implemented
 * as only one self contained file.
 */

#define F_CPU			16000000UL 	// Fuse for internal oscillator at 16MHz

#include <stddef.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include <util/delay.h>
#include <avr/pgmspace.h>

/* typedefs  */

typedef struct		/* RING - ring buffer */
	{
	int 	p_to_buf;	/* offset from start of buffer where to write next */
	int 	p_from_buf;	/* offset from start of buffer where to read next */
	int 	buf_size;	/* size of ring in bytes */
	char *	buf;		/* pointer to start of buffer */
	} RING;

typedef RING *RING_ID;

/* defines */

#define DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS	(25)	
#define DOT_TIME_IN_MS		(DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS * 10.0)	
#define LED_ON				PORTB |=  (1<<PORTB5)
#define LED_OFF				PORTB &= ~(1<<PORTB5)
#define USART_BAUDRATE		9600
#define BAUD_PRESCALE		(((F_CPU / (USART_BAUDRATE * 16UL))) - 1)

#define REMORSE_CLK_HZ		(100)				// the clock basis for polling and sequencing
#define	REMORSE_TIMEOUT		(1000)				// remorse will restart after this many idle ticks
#define	REMORSE_RESTART		(400)				// remorse will restart if button held this long

#define MORSE_RX_BUF_SIZE	(32)				// ring buffer for decoded morse code

/* macros */

#define min(a,b)				\
   ({ __typeof__ (a) _a = (a); 	\
      __typeof__ (b) _b = (b);	\
     _a < _b ? _a : _b; })


/* locals */

static char					morse_rx_buf[MORSE_RX_BUF_SIZE + 1]; // buffer for morse characters read
static RING 				morse_rx_ring;		// morse receive buffer ring
static RING_ID 				morse_rx_ring_id;	// morse receive buffer ring id

static bool 				user_input = false;	// Instructions print out until first character received
static volatile uint32_t	remorse_tick_cnt;	// incremented on each clock tick
static volatile uint32_t	remorse_wd_cnt;		// reset to zero after each user input output
static volatile bool		remorse_restart;	// set by watchdog to true to restart application

const uint8_t morse_ascii_tbl[][2] =
	{
	// Morse Hex	A	M	Morse Code		Binary		ASCII	Notes	
	 {6, 0x14},	//	!	!	– · – · – –    	010100		33	33	Exclamation mark [!]
	 {6, 0x2D},	//	"	"	· – · · – ·    	101101		34	34	Quotation mark ["]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	#	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	35	ERR	Hash mark [#]
	 {7, 0x76},	//	$	$	· · · – · · –  	1110110		36	36	Dollar sign [$]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	%	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	37	ERR	Percent [%]
	 {5, 0x17},	//	&	&	· – · · ·      	10111		38	38	Ampersand [&], Wait
	 {6, 0x21},	//	'	'	· – – – – ·    	100001		39	39	Apostrophe [']
	 {5, 0x09},	//	(	(	– · – – ·      	01001		40	40	Parenthesis open [(]
	 {6, 0x12},	//	)	)	– · – – · –    	010010		41	41	Parenthesis close [)]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	*	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	42	69	Asterix [*]
	 {5, 0x15},	//	+	+	· – · – ·      	10101		43	43	Plus [+]
	 {6, 0x0C},	//	,	,	– – · · – –    	001100		44	44	Comma [,]
	 {6, 0x1E},	//	-	-	– · · · · –    	011110		45	45	Hyphen, Minus [-]
	 {6, 0x2A},	//	.	.	· – · – · –    	101010		46	46	Period [.]
	 {5, 0x0D},	//	/	/	– · · – ·      	01101		47	47	Slash [/], Fraction bar
	 {5, 0x00},	//	0	0	– – – – –      	00000		48	48	
	 {5, 0x10},	//	1	1	· – – – –      	10000		49	49	
	 {5, 0x18},	//	2	2	· · – – –      	11000		50	50	
	 {5, 0x1C},	//	3	3	· · · – –      	11100		51	51	
	 {5, 0x1E},	//	4	4	· · · · –      	11110		52	52	
	 {5, 0x1F},	//	5	5	· · · · ·      	11111		53	53	
	 {5, 0x0F},	//	6	6	– · · · ·      	01111		54	54	
	 {5, 0x07},	//	7	7	– – · · ·      	00111		55	55	
	 {5, 0x03},	//	8	8	– – – · ·      	00011		56	56	
	 {5, 0x01},	//	9	9	– – – – ·      	00001		57	57	
	 {6, 0x07},	//	:	:	– – – · · ·    	000111		58	58	Colon [:]
	 {6, 0x15},	//	;	;	– · – · – ·    	010101		59	59	Semicolon [;]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	<	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	60	ERR	Less Than [<]
	 {5, 0x0E},	//	=	=	– · · · –      	01110		61	61	Double dash [=]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	>	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	62	ERR	Greather Than [<]
	 {6, 0x33},	//	?	?	· · – – · ·    	110011		63	63	Question mark [?]
	 {6, 0x25},	//	@	@	· – – · – ·    	100101		64	64	At sign [@]
	 {2, 0x02},	//	A	A	· –            	10			65	65	
	 {4, 0x07},	//	B	B	– · · ·        	0111		66	66	
	 {4, 0x05},	//	C	C	– · – ·        	0101		67	67	
	 {3, 0x03},	//	D	D	– · ·          	011			68	68	
	 {1, 0x01},	//	E	E	·              	1			69	69	
	 {4, 0x0D},	//	F	F	· · – ·        	1101		70	70	
	 {3, 0x01},	//	G	G	– – ·          	001			71	71	
	 {4, 0x0F},	//	H	H	· · · ·        	1111		72	72	
	 {2, 0x03},	//	I	I	· ·            	11			73	73	
	 {4, 0x08},	//	J	J	· – – –        	1000		74	74	
	 {3, 0x02},	//	K	K	– · –          	010			75	75	
	 {4, 0x0B},	//	L	L	· – · ·        	1011		76	76	
	 {2, 0x00},	//	M	M	– –            	00			77	77	
	 {2, 0x01},	//	N	N	– ·            	01			78	78	
	 {3, 0x00},	//	O	O	– – –          	000			79	79	
	 {4, 0x09},	//	P	P	· – – ·        	1001		80	80	
	 {4, 0x02},	//	Q	Q	– – · –        	0010		81	81	
	 {3, 0x05},	//	R	R	· – ·          	101			82	82	
	 {3, 0x07},	//	S	S	· · ·          	111			83	83	
	 {1, 0x00},	//	T	T	–              	0			84	84	
	 {3, 0x06},	//	U	U	· · –          	110			85	85	
	 {4, 0x0E},	//	V	V	· · · –        	1110		86	86	
	 {3, 0x04},	//	W	W	· – –          	100			87	87	
	 {4, 0x06},	//	X	X	– · · –        	0110		88	88	
	 {4, 0x04},	//	Y	Y	– · – –        	0100		89	89	
	 {4, 0x03},	//	Z	Z	– – · ·        	0011		90	90	
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	[	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	91	ERR	Open Bracket [[]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	\	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	92	ERR	Backslash [\]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	]	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	93	ERR	Close Bracket []]
	 {8, 0xFF},	//	^	ERR	· · · · · · · ·	11111111	94	ERR	Circumflex [^]
	 {6, 0x32}	//	_	_	· · – – · –    	110010		95	95	Underscore [_]
	};

/* forward declarations */

static int		bsp_tty_putchar (char c, FILE *stream);
static int		bsp_tty_getchar (FILE *stream);
static int		bsp_morse_putchar (char c, FILE *stream);
static int		bsp_morse_getchar (FILE *stream);
static void		remorse_instructions(void);
static void 	morse_fmtchar (char rc);
static void 	morse_poll (void);
static RING_ID 	rng_init (RING *p_ring, int nbytes, char *buffer);
static bool 	rng_is_empty (RING_ID ring_id);
static bool 	rng_is_full (RING_ID ring_id);
static int 		rng_buf_get (RING_ID rng_id, char *buffer, int maxbytes);
static int 		rng_buf_put (RING_ID rng_id, char *buffer, int nbytes);
static int 		rng_free_bytes (RING_ID ring_id);
static int 		rng_nBytes (RING_ID ring_id);
static void 	rng_flush (RING_ID ring_id);

// Associate the devices with AVR libc FILE streams to enable standard i/o calls

static FILE	tty_console = FDEV_SETUP_STREAM(bsp_tty_putchar,   bsp_tty_getchar,   _FDEV_SETUP_RW);
static FILE	tty_morse	= FDEV_SETUP_STREAM(bsp_morse_putchar, bsp_morse_getchar, _FDEV_SETUP_RW);


/**
 * \brief Entry point for morse code example
 *
 */

int main (void)
	{
	char rc;

	/* set up the IO pins */

	DDRB	|= (1<<DDB5);						// PB5 As Output pin
	PORTB	|= (1<<DDB5);						// PB5 Activate internal pullUp resistor

	DDRB	&= ~(1<<DDB7);						// PB1 As Input pin
	PORTB	|= 1<<DDB7;							// PB1 Activate internal pullUp resistor

	LED_OFF;									// start with the LED off

	UCSR0B	= (1 << RXEN0)  | (1 << TXEN0);		// turn on the transmission and reception circuitry
	UCSR0C	= (1 << UCSZ00) | (1 << UCSZ01);	// use 8-bit character sizes

	UBRR0H	= (BAUD_PRESCALE >> 8);				// upper 8-bits of baud rate value into high byte of UBRR register
	UBRR0L	= BAUD_PRESCALE;					// lower 8-bits of baud rate value into low byte of UBRR register

	/* set up the system 100Hz timer */

    OCR1A	= 20000;							// Set CTC compare value to 10ms @ 8Mhz Clock (Mode 4)

    TCCR1B	|= (1 << WGM12);					// Configure timer 1 for CTC mode (Mode 4)
    TIMSK1	|= (1 << OCIE1A);					// Enable interrupt on compare match
    TCCR1B	|= (1 << CS11);						// set prescaler to 8 and starts the timer

	/* initialize ring buffers */

	morse_rx_ring_id = rng_init (&morse_rx_ring, MORSE_RX_BUF_SIZE, morse_rx_buf);
	
	/* Enable global interrupts */

	sei(); 

    /* attach the serial port to stdio streams */

	stdout	= &tty_console;
	stdin	= &tty_console;
	stderr	= &tty_console;

	/* encode/decode the user input to/from morse code */

	for (;;)									// loop forever (timeouts restart here)
		{
		remorse_instructions ();				// print out some instructions

		remorse_restart = false;				// reset watchdog
		remorse_wd_cnt = 0;						// reinitialize watchdog timer

		while (!remorse_restart)				// check watchdog
			{
			rc = getchar ();					// non-blocking in this application

			/* process input from serial line */

			if (!ferror(stdin))					// was a character available?
				{
				remorse_wd_cnt = 0;				// reinitialize watchdog timer
				morse_fmtchar (rc);				// echo the morse code on console
				fputc (rc, &tty_morse);			// encode the character to morse led
				}
			else
				{
				clearerr (&tty_console);		// no input, clear error
				}

			/* process input from morse decoder */

			rc = fgetc (&tty_morse);

			if (!ferror(&tty_morse))			// was a morse character available?
				{
				remorse_wd_cnt = 0;				// reinitialize watchdog timer
				putchar (rc);					// print the character to console
				}
			else
				{
				clearerr (&tty_morse);			// no input, clear error
				}
			}   
		} 

	/* we should never get here */

	return (0);
	}

/**
 * \brief Push a character out uart transmitter
 *
 * Polling version of character write.  We spin here until character
 * can be placed in transmit register.
 */

static int bsp_tty_putchar(char c, FILE *stream)
	{
	if (c == '\n')								// handle linefeed - carriage return
		bsp_tty_putchar('\r', stream);
	
	while ((UCSR0A & (1 << UDRE0)) == 0) 
		{
		// Do nothing until UDR is ready for more data to be written to it
		};

	UDR0 = c;									// transmit character

	return (0);									// transmit success
	}

/**
 * \brief Fetch a character from uart receiver
 *
 * Polling version of a character read.  We spin here until receive
 * buffer has something to read.
 */

static int bsp_tty_getchar(FILE *stream)
	{
	if ((UCSR0A & (1 << RXC0)) == 0) 
		return (_FDEV_ERR);						// No character available, so we return error

	user_input = true;							// Record the fact that we have received input
	return (UDR0);								// Return the received character
	}

/**
 * \brief Flash out morse code for character on led
 *
 * Polling version of character write.  We spin here until character
 * can be placed in transmit register.
 */

static int bsp_morse_putchar(char c, FILE *stream)
	{
	int index = toupper(c) - '!';

	if (c == ' ')
		{
		// Delay between words is seven units
		LED_OFF;								// LED OFF between words
		_delay_ms (7 * DOT_TIME_IN_MS);
		}
	else if ((index >= 0) && (index < (sizeof (morse_ascii_tbl) / 2)))
		{
		unsigned int mask = (0x1 << (morse_ascii_tbl[index][0] - 1));

		while (mask != 0)
			{
			if (morse_ascii_tbl[index][1] & mask)
				{
				// DIT
				LED_ON;							// Start DIT LED on
				_delay_ms (DOT_TIME_IN_MS);		// DIT length is one unit
				}
			else
				{
				// DASH
				LED_ON;							// Start DASH LED on
				_delay_ms (3 * DOT_TIME_IN_MS);	// DASH length is three units
				}
			
			LED_OFF;							// DIT or DASH is finished

			// Delay between parts of same letter is one unit
			_delay_ms (DOT_TIME_IN_MS);

			mask = mask >> 1;
			}

		// Delay between letters is three units (two more)
		_delay_ms (2 * DOT_TIME_IN_MS);
		}

	return (0);									// transmit success
	}

/**
 * \brief Decode morse code input from button
 *
 * If we have any decoded morse code we return it or _FDEV_ERR if none.
 */

static int bsp_morse_getchar(FILE *stream)
	{
	char morse_char;

	if (rng_buf_get (morse_rx_ring_id, &morse_char, 1) == 1)
		return (morse_char);					// return next character
	
	return (_FDEV_ERR);							// No character available, so we return error
	}

/**
 * \brief Print out character as ASCII morse code (. and -)
 */

static void morse_fmtchar (char rc)
	{
	int index = toupper(rc) - '!';

	if ((index >= 0) && (index < (sizeof (morse_ascii_tbl) / 2)))
		{
		unsigned int mask = (0x1 << (morse_ascii_tbl[index][0] - 1));

		while (mask != 0)
			{
			printf_P (PSTR(" %c"), (morse_ascii_tbl[index][1] & mask) ? '.' : '-');
			mask = mask >> 1;
			}

		printf_P (PSTR(" [%c]"), toupper(rc));
		}
	else
		{
		/* handle non-printable characters */
		if (rc == '\r')
			printf_P (PSTR(" . - . - [<CR>]\n-> "));
		}
	}

/**
 * \brief Parse morse code pattern into ASCII character
 *
 * \param[in]	pattern	morse code pattern to match
 * \param[in]	len		morse code patter length
 * \return				the ASCII character that matches the mores code patter
 */

static char morse_parse (uint8_t pattern, int len)
	{
	int index;

	for (index = 0; index < (sizeof (morse_ascii_tbl) / 2); index ++)
		{
		if ((morse_ascii_tbl[index][0] == len) && (morse_ascii_tbl[index][1] == pattern))
			return (index + '!');
		}
	/* pattern not found! */

	return ('*');					// return asterix as error indicator (not a morse character)
	}

/**
 * \brief Print out remorse instructions
 */

static void remorse_instructions (void)
	{
	if (!user_input)
		{
		printf_P (PSTR("\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("Morse Encoder/Decoder\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("Copyright (c) 2011 - 2014 Atmel Corporation. All rights reserved.\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("Characters received from the serial port will be be echoed back in morse code.\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("Morse code tapped into button will be converted to ASCII.\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("\n"));
		printf_P (PSTR("(ie)"));

		morse_fmtchar ('A'); fputc ('A', &tty_morse);
		morse_fmtchar ('T'); fputc ('T', &tty_morse);
		morse_fmtchar ('M'); fputc ('M', &tty_morse);
		morse_fmtchar ('E'); fputc ('E', &tty_morse);
		morse_fmtchar ('L'); fputc ('L', &tty_morse);
		}

	printf_P (PSTR("\n-> "));					// prompt for serial input
	}

/**
 * Interrupt Service Routines
 */

/**
 * \brief Remorse clock interrupt routine
 *
 * This routine is called at interrupt level on each clock interrupt.
 */

ISR(TIMER1_COMPA_vect)
    {
	++remorse_tick_cnt;							// always advance remorse tick count

	if (++remorse_wd_cnt > REMORSE_TIMEOUT)		// fire watchdog on timeout
		remorse_restart = true;

    morse_poll ();								// poll for morse input
    }

/**
 * \brief Poll button for debounced conversion to Morse code
 */

static void morse_poll (void)
	{
	static uint8_t	morse_code		= 0;		// built up morse code input
	static uint8_t	morse_code_len	= 0;		// morse code length
	static uint8_t	button_hist		= 0;		// 8 sample button history
	static bool		button_down		= false;	// current state of button
	static uint32_t	tick_down		= 0;		// tick when button released
	static uint32_t	tick_up			= 0;		// tick when button pressed
	static uint32_t	duration		= 0;		// ticks with button down
	static uint32_t	space			= 0;		// ticks with button up

	/* shift in the current state of the button */

	button_hist = (button_hist<<1) | !(PINB & (1<<PB7)) | 0xf0;
	
	if (button_hist == 0xff)					// all samples are button down
		{
		LED_ON;									// light the LED for user feedback
		user_input = true;						// we have interaction

		if (!button_down)						// are we changing state?
			{
			button_down = true;					// set debounced button state
			tick_down	= remorse_tick_cnt;		// timestamp the button press
			}

		duration = remorse_tick_cnt - tick_down;

		if (duration > REMORSE_RESTART)			// restart!
			{
			morse_code_len	= 0;				// erase current code
			morse_code		= 0;				// erase last code

			rng_flush (morse_rx_ring_id);		// flush the morse input ring
			user_input		= false;			// start from begining
			remorse_restart = true;				// RESTART REMORSE
			}
		}
	else if (button_hist == 0xf0)				// all samples are button up
		{
		if (button_down)						// are we changing state?
			{
			LED_OFF;							// turn off LED between morse keys

			button_down = false;				// set debounced button state
			tick_up		= remorse_tick_cnt;		// timestamp button release

			/* emit the right code based on click duration */

			duration = tick_up - tick_down;	

			if (duration <= (2 * DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS))		// dot
				{
				morse_code = (morse_code << 1) | 1;
				morse_code_len++;

				rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, " .", 2);
				}
			else if (duration <= (5 * DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS))	// dash
				{
				morse_code = (morse_code << 1) | 0;
				morse_code_len++;

				rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, " -", 2);
				}
			}
		}

	/* return now if there has been no input or button is currently down */

	if ((!user_input) || (button_down))
		return;

	/* now process spaces between button presses as follows
	 *     - one dot time between code (NOP)
	 *     - three dot time between letters (flush the letter)
	 *     - seven dot time between words (flush space chracter)
	 */

	space = remorse_tick_cnt - tick_up;

	if (space == (4 * DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS))		// this will only happen once
		{
		char morse_char = morse_parse (morse_code, morse_code_len);

		// letter seperator
		rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, " [", 2);
		rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, &morse_char, 1);
		rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, "]", 1);

		morse_code_len	= 0;					// get ready for next letter
		morse_code		= 0;					// erase last code
		}
	else if (space == (10 * DOT_TIME_IN_TICKS))	// this will only happen once
		{
		// word separator
		rng_buf_put (morse_rx_ring_id, " [ ]", 4);
		}
	}

/**
 * Ring Utility Functions
 */

/**
 * \brief initialize an empty ring buffer
 *
 * This routine initializes a ring buffer of size "nbytes". The
 * buffer must be one byte larger than nBytes since the algorithm
 * always leaves at least one empty byte in the buffer.
 *
 * \param[in]	p_ring	pointer to a RING struct
 * \param[in]	nbytes	number of bytes in ring buffer
 * \param[in]	buffer	pointer to RING buffer of size nBytes + 1
 * \return				ID of the ring buffer, or NULL if init fails
 */

RING_ID rng_init (RING * p_ring, int nbytes, char *buffer)
	{
	RING_ID ring_id = p_ring;		/* RING_ID is simply a pointer to RING */

	/* bump number of bytes requested because ring buffer algorithm
	 * always leaves at least one empty byte in buffer */

	ring_id->buf_size	= nbytes + 1;
	ring_id->buf		= buffer;

	rng_flush (ring_id);

	return (ring_id);
	}
/**
 * \brief make a ring buffer empty
 *
 * This routine initializes a specified ring buffer to be empty.
 * Any data currently in the buffer will be lost.
 *
 * \param[in] ring_id	ring buffer to initialize
 */

void rng_flush (RING_ID ring_id)
	{
	ring_id->p_to_buf	= 0;
	ring_id->p_from_buf = 0;
	}
/**
 * \brief - get characters from a ring buffer
 *
 * This routine copies bytes from the ring buffer <rng_id> into <buffer>.
 * It copies as many bytes as are available in the ring, up to <maxbytes>.
 * The bytes copied will be removed from the ring.
 *
 * param[in] ring_id	ring buffer to get data from
 * param[in] buffer		pointer to buffer to receive data
 * param[in] maxbytes	maximum number of bytes to get
 * \return				The number of bytes actually received from the ring buffer;
 * 						it may be zero if the ring buffer is empty at the time of the call.
 */

int rng_buf_get (RING_ID rng_id, char *buffer, int maxbytes)
	{
	int bytesgot = 0;
	int p_to_buf = rng_id->p_to_buf;
	int bytes2;
	int p_rng_tmp = 0;

	if (p_to_buf >= rng_id->p_from_buf)
		{
		/* p_to_buf has not wrapped around */

		bytesgot = min (maxbytes, p_to_buf - rng_id->p_from_buf);
		memcpy (buffer, &rng_id->buf [rng_id->p_from_buf], bytesgot);
		rng_id->p_from_buf += bytesgot;
		}
	else
		{
		/* p_to_buf has wrapped around.  Grab chars up to the end of the
		 * buffer, then wrap around if we need to. */

		bytesgot = min (maxbytes, rng_id->buf_size - rng_id->p_from_buf);
		memcpy (buffer, &rng_id->buf [rng_id->p_from_buf], bytesgot);
		p_rng_tmp = rng_id->p_from_buf + bytesgot;

		/* If p_from_buf is equal to buf_size, we've read the entire buffer,
		 * and need to wrap now.  If bytesgot < maxbytes, copy some more chars
		 * in now. */

		if (p_rng_tmp == rng_id->buf_size)
			{
			bytes2 = min (maxbytes - bytesgot, p_to_buf);
			memcpy (buffer + bytesgot, rng_id->buf, bytes2);
			rng_id->p_from_buf = bytes2;
			bytesgot += bytes2;
			}
		else
			rng_id->p_from_buf = p_rng_tmp;
		}
	return (bytesgot);
	}
/**
 * \brief - put bytes into a ring buffer
 *
 * This routine puts bytes from <buffer> into ring buffer <ring_id>. The
 * specified number of bytes will be put into the ring, up to the number of
 * bytes available in the ring.
 *
 *
 * \param[in] rng_id	ring buffer to put data into
 * \param[in] buffer	buffer to get data from
 * \param[in] nbytes	number of bytes to try to put
 * \return				The number of bytes actually put into the ring buffer;
 * 						it may be less than number requested, even zero,
 *						if there is insufficient room in the ring buffer at the time of the call.
 */

int rng_buf_put (RING_ID rng_id, char *buffer, int nbytes)
	{
	int bytesput = 0;
	int p_from_buf = rng_id->p_from_buf;
	int bytes2;
	int p_rng_tmp = 0;

	if (p_from_buf > rng_id->p_to_buf)
		{
		/* p_from_buf is ahead of p_to_buf.	 We can fill up to two bytes
		 * before it */

		bytesput = min (nbytes, p_from_buf - rng_id->p_to_buf - 1);
		memcpy (&rng_id->buf [rng_id->p_to_buf], buffer, bytesput);
		rng_id->p_to_buf += bytesput;
		}
	else if (p_from_buf == 0)
		{
		/* p_from_buf is at the beginning of the buffer.	We can fill till
		 * the next-to-last element */

		bytesput = min (nbytes, rng_id->buf_size - rng_id->p_to_buf - 1);
		memcpy (&rng_id->buf [rng_id->p_to_buf], buffer, bytesput);
		rng_id->p_to_buf += bytesput;
		}
	else
		{
		/* p_from_buf has wrapped around, and its not 0, so we can fill
		 * at least to the end of the ring buffer.	Do so, then see if
		 * we need to wrap and put more at the beginning of the buffer. */

		bytesput = min (nbytes, rng_id->buf_size - rng_id->p_to_buf);
		memcpy (&rng_id->buf [rng_id->p_to_buf], buffer, bytesput);
		p_rng_tmp = rng_id->p_to_buf + bytesput;

		if (p_rng_tmp == rng_id->buf_size)
			{
			/* We need to wrap, and perhaps put some more chars */

			bytes2 = min (nbytes - bytesput, p_from_buf - 1);
			memcpy (rng_id->buf, buffer + bytesput, bytes2);
			rng_id->p_to_buf = bytes2;
			bytesput += bytes2;
			}
		else
			rng_id->p_to_buf = p_rng_tmp;
		}
	return (bytesput);
	}
/**
 * \brief - test if a ring buffer is empty
 *
 * This routine determines if a specified ring buffer is empty.
 *
 * \param[in] rng_id	ring buffer to test
 * \return				TRUE if empty, FALSE if not.
 */

bool rng_is_empty (RING_ID ring_id)
	{
	return (ring_id->p_to_buf == ring_id->p_from_buf);
	}
/**
 * \brief - test if a ring buffer is full (no more room)
 *
 * This routine determines if a specified ring buffer is completely full.
 *
 * \param[in] rng_id	ring buffer to test
 * \return				TRUE if full, FALSE if not.
 */

bool rng_is_full (RING_ID ring_id)
	{
	int n = ring_id->p_to_buf - ring_id->p_from_buf + 1;

	return ((n == 0) || (n == ring_id->buf_size));
	}
/**
 * \brief - determine the number of free bytes in a ring buffer
 *
 * This routine determines the number of bytes currently unused in a specified
 * ring buffer.
 *
 * \param[in] rng_id	ring buffer to examine
 * \return				The number of unused bytes in the ring buffer.
 */

int rng_free_bytes (RING_ID ring_id)
	{
	int n = ring_id->p_from_buf - ring_id->p_to_buf - 1;

	if (n < 0)
		n += ring_id->buf_size;

	return (n);
	}
/**
 *
 * rng_nBytes - determine the number of bytes in a ring buffer
 *
 * This routine determines the number of bytes currently in a specified
 * ring buffer.
 *
 * \param[in] rng_id	ring buffer to be enumerated
 * \return				The number of bytes filled in the ring buffer.
 */

int rng_nBytes (RING_ID ring_id)
	{
	int n = ring_id->p_to_buf - ring_id->p_from_buf;

	if (n < 0)
		n += ring_id->buf_size;

	return (n);
	}
/**
 * \brief - put a byte ahead in a ring buffer without moving ring pointers
 *
 * This routine writes a byte into the ring, but does not move the ring buffer
 * pointers. Thus the byte will not yet be available to rng_buf_get() calls.
 * The byte is written <offset> bytes ahead of the next input location in the
 * ring. Thus, an offset of 0 puts the byte in the same position as would
 * RNG_ELEM_PUT would put a byte, except that the input pointer is not updated.
 *
 * Bytes written ahead in the ring buffer with this routine can be made available
 * all at once by subsequently moving the ring buffer pointers with the routine
 * rng_move_ahead().
 *
 * Before calling nng_put_ahead(), the caller must verify that at least
 * <offset> + 1 bytes are available in the ring buffer.
 *
 * \param[in] ring_id	ring buffer to put byte in
 * \param[in] byte		byte to be put in ring
 * \param[in] offset	offset beyond next input byte where to put byte
 */

void rng_put_ahead (RING_ID ring_id, char byte, int offset)
	{
	int n = ring_id->p_to_buf + offset;

	if (n >= ring_id->buf_size)
		n -= ring_id->buf_size;

	*(ring_id->buf + n) = byte;
	}
/**
 * \brief - advance a ring pointer by <n> bytes
 *
 * This routine advances the ring buffer input pointer by <n> bytes. This makes
 * <n> bytes available in the ring buffer, after having been written ahead in
 * the ring buffer with rng_put_ahead().
 *
 * \param[in] ring_id	ring buffer to be advanced
 * \param[in] n			number of bytes ahead to move input pointer
 */

void rng_move_ahead (RING_ID ring_id, int n)
	{
	n += ring_id->p_to_buf;

	if (n >= ring_id->buf_size)
		n -= ring_id->buf_size;

	ring_id->p_to_buf = n;
	}
有精力的同学可以找我要完整代码,这个只是remorse.c文件。
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